A brief visit to Portugal

Lis­bon, Por­to, Coim­bra… a very brief vis­it to Por­tu­gal in ear­ly Sep­tem­ber, 2017. Small shops, tat­ty build­ings, bro­ken foot­paths are still evi­dent even in the major towns we vis­it­ed. But the place is live­ly and has many (oth­er) beau­ti­ful things to see, as well as some very decent wines, of course…

A world pow­er in the 15th and 16th cen­tu­ry. A seat of learn­ing, com­merce, the arts: the heart of a vast over­seas empire. But grad­u­al­ly war, com­mer­cial com­pe­ti­tion from oth­er impe­r­i­al pow­ers and nat­ur­al dis­as­ter — the 1775 Lis­bon earth­quake — and 50 years of mil­i­tary dic­ta­tor­ship in the 20th cen­tu­ry led to cen­turies’ long eco­nom­ic decline. Only after it joined the Euro­pean Union in the mid-1980s did liv­ing stan­dards again start to approach the lev­el of oth­er Euro­pean states. Unfor­tu­nate­ly, Por­tu­gal elect­ed to join the Euro area in 2000 and suf­fered the decade-long stag­na­tion of growth expe­ri­enced in most of South­ern Europe.

As always, please down­load the PDF book (13MB) and set your PDF reader/viewer to full-screen to see the images as I intended. 



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